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  • 上一篇:乘客电梯企业根据市场发展调整战略 下一篇:电梯变频器的保养方法

    被困电梯你该怎么办?

    在现代城市里,我们随处都可以见到高楼大厦,在高楼里活动的人都只能依靠电梯上上下下,电梯成了人们不可缺少的运输工具。然而您是否想到,这些每天给人们提供方便的钢铁机器有时也会把人带入一个不方便的境地。当电梯在运行中突然发生故障时,我们又该怎么办呢?

    2004年6月4日广州某医院电梯故障,三名乘客被困其中,电梯急速滑到了一楼并震

    动了一下,万幸的是电梯没有继续下落,而是卡在了一楼和地下室之间。

    遇到这种情况三个人都非常紧张。意外发生后,邵女士靠前个按了电梯轿箱内的紧急呼叫按钮。由于电梯老旧,报警装置并没有发挥作用。这时电梯里一片漆黑,同邵女士一起被困在电梯里的两个年轻人更加紧张,他们一边敲击着电梯的内壁,一边拼命的呼喊。当时正是中午吃饭时间,楼道里空无一人,无论他们怎样呼救也无济于事。在紧张过后,邵女士发现电梯上面是通风的,她一边安慰着两个年轻人,一边提醒他们用手机拨打求救电话。然而,三个人的手机当中,只有邵女士的手机还有一点信号,她播打了110,可对方听不到邵女士的声音, 情急之下,邵女士开始不断的拨打自己亲人的电话。虽然手机信号十分微弱但是后还是拨通了自己丈夫的电话,邵女士的丈夫立即报了警。经过救援人员的努力,电梯门终于被打开了。

    据统计,目前全国在使用中的电梯大约45万部,电梯困人事件时有发生。发生电梯困人的原因有很多种,可能是停电所致,也可能是其它机械原因造成的,在不了解事故原因之前,一切莽撞的逃离行为都会危及到乘客的生命。

    被困电梯,你该怎么办?

    乘客被困之后,好的方法就是按下电梯内部的紧急呼叫按钮,这个按钮的话一般会跟值班室或者是监视中心连接,你要做的话就是等待救援。

    报警无效时你该怎么办?

    1:可以大声呼叫,或者拍打叫轿壁门。

    2:用鞋子拍门更响一点,主要就是把这种求救的信号给外界知道。

    3:在有些大城市,它跟110中心是联动的,打110也可以取得呼救的效果。

    另外如果暂时没有人经过,被困乘客好保持体力,间歇性地拍门,尤其是听到外面有了响动再拍,以便引起路人注意。在救援者尚未到来期间,被困者不要不停的呼救,要保持体力,冷静观察动静,耐心等待救援。

    撬门?趴窗?不如等待

    由于打开电梯有全国统一标准的钥匙,所以在电梯出现困人故障后由专业人员从外面用钥匙打开轿箱的门相对比较容易。困在电梯中的乘客,都希望以快的速度离开故障电梯,因此有些被困乘客强行撬门或者打开轿箱顶部的天窗逃生。这样做到底吗?

    电梯在出现故障时,门的回路方面,会发生失灵的情况,这时,电梯可能会异常启动,如果强行扒门就很危险,也就是剪切,这种剪切很容易造成人身伤害。由于同样原因,被困乘客也被禁止自己从天窗爬出。但是在轿箱门暂时无法打开的情况下,必须由专业救援人员协助,断电停机后,被困人员才可以从天窗逃出。

    坠落?窒息?无须惊恐

    不少乘客害怕,发生故障的电梯可能会坠落,其实这样的担心是不必要的。电梯从设计方面是相当的,他的悬挂系统一般是三根或三根以上的钢丝绳,那么这个系数相当于12倍,比如从这个轿箱可以乘10个人它从设计方面乘120个人都没问题。

    电梯还有一套防坠落系统,包括限速器,钳,以及底部的缓冲器。一旦发现电梯超速下降,限速器会让电梯驱动主机停止运转。如果主机仍然没有停止,限速器就会提升钳使之夹紧道轨,强制轿厢停滞在轨道上,另外在一定速度内如果直接撞击到缓冲器上,轿厢也会停下来。轿厢不管通过那种方式停下来,都不会对人造成很大的冲击。

    在狭窄闷热的电梯里,许多乘客担心会受困后会窒息而死,那被困电梯到底会不会闷死人呢?新的电梯标准有严格的规定,要达到通风的效率,才能够投放市场,另外,电梯有很多活动的部件,比如说一些连接的位置,比如轿壁和轿顶和连接键,之间都有缝隙,这些缝隙一般来讲足够人的呼吸需要。

    另外,我们在平时乘坐电梯时应该注意一些事项:

    1、 乘客在乘梯时应该看清电梯轿厢是否在本层,不可盲目跨入,防止层门开着而轿厢不在本层以至造成跌入井道事故。

    2、 乘客不要用身体去阻止电梯关门,或背靠触板。

    3、 儿童乘坐电梯一定要有成人陪同。

    4、 发生火灾和地震时,切勿乘坐电梯。

    其实与遇到其它类型的危险一样,一旦被困电梯,咱们要做的就是提醒自己不要惊慌,冷静地寻找逃生出路。另外据我们了解,像北京等城市也已经有了专门的110电梯抢修应急网,担当电梯事故的急救任务。一旦出现电梯紧急事故,您可以及时拨打110报警电话求救。

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    In modern cities, we can see tall buildings everywhere. People who live in tall buildings can only rely on elevators to get up and down. Elevators have become an indispensable means of transportation for people. However, do you think that these steel machines, which provide convenience for people every day, sometimes bring people into an inconvenient situation. When the elevator breaks down suddenly, what should we do?

    On June 4, 2004, the elevator of a hospital in Guangzhou broke down, three passengers were trapped in it, and the elevator quickly slipped to the first floor and shook

    Moved a bit, fortunately the elevator did not continue to fall, but stuck between the first floor and the basement.

    All three were very nervous in this situation. After the accident, Ms. Shao was the first to press the emergency call button in the elevator car. Because the elevator is old, the alarm doesn't work. At this time, the elevator was dark. The two young people trapped in the elevator together with Ms. Shao were more nervous. They knocked on the inner wall of the elevator and shouted desperately. It was lunchtime, and the corridor was empty. No matter how they called for help, it was useless. After being nervous, Ms. Shao found that the elevator was ventilated. She comforted two young people and reminded them to call for help with their mobile phones. However, among the three people's mobile phones, only Ms. Shao's mobile phone still has a little signal. She played 110, but the other party could not hear Ms. Shao's voice. In a hurry, Ms. Shao began to call her relatives. Although the cell phone signal was very weak, she finally called her husband, who immediately called the police. After the efforts of rescue workers, the elevator door was finally opened.

    According to statistics, at present, there are about 450000 elevators in use in China, and accidents of people trapped in elevators happen from time to time. There are many reasons for people trapped in the elevator, which may be caused by power failure or other mechanical reasons. Before knowing the cause of the accident, all reckless escape behaviors will endanger the lives of passengers.

    Trapped in the elevator, what should you do?

    After the passengers are trapped, the best way is to press the emergency call button inside the elevator. If this button is connected with the duty room or the monitoring center, you need to wait for rescue.

    What do you do when the alarm doesn't work?

    1: You can call out loud or clap the car wall door.

    2: It's louder to clap the door with shoes. It's mainly to let the outside know the signal of asking for help.

    3: In some big cities, it is linked with the 110 center. You can also call for help by playing 110.

    In addition, if no one passes by temporarily, the trapped passengers should keep their physical strength and pat the door intermittently, especially when they hear a sound outside, so as to attract the attention of passers-by. During the period when the rescuers have not arrived, the trapped should not keep calling for help, keep physical strength, observe the movement calmly and wait patiently for the rescue.

    Pry gate? Lie on the window? Better wait

    Because there is a national standard key to open the elevator, it is relatively easy for professionals to open the door of the car with the key from the outside after the elevator is in trouble. Passengers trapped in the elevator want to leave the faulty elevator at the fastest speed, so some trapped passengers forcibly pry the door or open the skylight on the top of the car to escape. Is it safe to do so?

    When the elevator breaks down, the circuit of the door will fail. At this time, the elevator may start abnormally. If the door is pulled by force, it is very dangerous, that is to say, shearing, which is very easy to cause personal injury. For the same reason, trapped passengers are also forbidden to climb out of the skylight. However, in the case that the car door cannot be opened temporarily, it must be assisted by professional rescue personnel. After power failure and shutdown, the trapped personnel can escape from the skylight.

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